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In checkers professionally - Tournaments - Organization and judging of competitions in drafts


Organization and refereeing competitions in drafts

In checkers professionally - Tournaments

organizing and refereeing drafts competitions

(Conspect lectures)

As you know, checkers in our country (USSR) are one of the most popular sports. By the number of regularly engaged in sections and circles, they invariably enter the top ten.

Competitions for checkers can be very diverse. First of all, we divide them by correspondence and internal ones.

Recently, in our country, distance competitions are becoming increasingly important and popular. They help to form a healthy lifestyle for the workers, to introduce them to the regular classes of their favorite type of creativity. Absentee competitions became widespread in the Russian Federation, Belarus, Latvia, Ukraine, and other union republics. Moreover, these competitions are held both by absentee game of checkers, and by composing compositions - the field of creativity, with the aim of uncovering the beauty of a drafts game. Here there are rules of the game, a sports classification system has been introduced.

Face-to-face competitions are fundamental in determining the real strength of the game of the drafts. Their types can be the most diverse: championships, championships, tournaments, matches, matches, tournaments.

In the championships are determined by the champion of the city, union republic, DSO, etc. among men, women. Championships are recognized as the most important competitions in the whole pyramid of tournaments, they are usually preceded by one or several stages of preliminary (semi-final) competitions.

Championship games are held among juniors, boys and girls. And there can be a division of these tournaments for young checkers players of different ages.

Tournaments are memorial; dedicated to a solemn date; traditional, for example, Minsk-86, Kislovodsk-83, etc .; workshops (with the aim of establishing a workshop standard), open, by invitation, with the aim of raising the level and significance of any competition.

Match meetings (friendly, traditional) are usually held between the national teams. The composition of one team is determined in a wide range (from 3 to 15-20 participants), the team can include men, women, boys, girls - everything depends on the Regulations, which is approved by the conducting organization.

Sometimes in parallel with the match meeting, which aims to determine the result among the teams, a simultaneous (individual) test is held for the athletes. In this case, this competition will be called a match tournament.

What systems can be used for checkers competitions? There are several of them, the choice is determined by the organizers depending on the goals and objectives of the competition, their timing, and finally, financial possibilities.

The most common and popular is the circular system, when each participant in the process of the tournament meets with each one, and the places are determined by the maximum amount of points scored. Checkers can play in one or as far as circles, the order of the game is determined by drawing lots, after which the schedule of tours is drawn up. All important and responsible tournaments are trying to hold on a round robin system.

The Swiss system, which allows holding mass competitions with a large number of participants (100-200 people) for the shortest time (from 3 to 11 days), is becoming increasingly popular. The basic principle of this system is that players who have the same number of points constantly meet each other. This system is sometimes called the selective lot system. The main disadvantage of it is that applicants for victory may not meet at all among themselves or meet with players of different strengths, that is, the value of points scored may differ.

A system of micro-matches is used, in which in individual competitions the outcome of each meeting of participants is decided not in one game, but in a match of two or several games.

It is necessary to mention the Scheveningen system, in which members of one team or group alternately play with representatives of another team or group. It is used very rarely, and then exclusively in tournaments with a high classification composition.

Under the Olympic system, the checker player or the team that lost the meeting will drop out of this competition.

Mixed systems are becoming more common, in which different systems are used at different stages. For example, at the preliminary stage of the 32 participants in the Swiss system, 8 of the strongest are determined, who then play in one circle in a circular system. Or 16 participants play in a round robin, then split into fours and hold an additional competition with the previously scored points. There are a lot of options and all of them are used to increase the sharpness of the struggle.

There is a lot of scope for organizers when holding lightning-fast tournaments and blitz tournaments. There are any options that increase interest in the fight.

Now the next questions are about the inventory, the design of the competition, the direct work of the judges during the tournament, and some other problems.

Despite the seeming simplicity of the inventory problem in checkers, this should not be forgotten by the organizers or the judges. The boards, especially for international checkers, require special care for tournaments with a high level of players. There are samples of so-called grandmaster boards that meet the requirements of the World Drafts Federation (FMJD). They must fit the size, color, be comfortable and aesthetic.

Checkers watches come in different brands, but the Garde (GDR) watches are most acceptable. Sometimes silent watches are used, for example, Japanese, but they are not quite familiar to players.

It is necessary to say about the forms for recording lots. Just here there are reserves for improvement. There are samples of modern forms, but so far there are no people willing to organize their mass production.

Registration of promotional materials tournaments for checkers, too, is of great importance. First of all, it is necessary to issue a brief program of the tournament in which a variety of materials are placed, for example, the presentation of participants, the greeting of the organizing committee, certain clauses of the provision, reference material. The table is of great importance for propaganda, for increasing the interest of the audience. It can be performed with photos of all players, listing all the necessary data. Release of bulletins, catalogs of games, express bulletins, photo stands, photomontages increases interest in the tournament.

The work of judges during tournaments has its own specifics. The voltage peaks for the arbitrators are time trouble zones. Here, literally every judge must know his own maneuver, confidently lead his party, be ready at any moment to resolve disputable situations.

What is the main thing, what should an experienced judge pay attention to first of all?

Of course, it is necessary, at least in general terms, to first get acquainted with the participants of the tournament. Outline for yourself those who need the special attention of the judges. For example, those who participate in such an important tournament for the first time are going to fight for high places, who in previous competitions gave reason for attention from the judges. The judge must constantly keep track of the time spent by the player in relation to the number of moves made. Some judges make control records after each half hour of the game. This allows time to identify those players who will lack time.

One of the most important, if not the most important component of qualified refereeing is the ability of judges to keep a simultaneous recording of a party during time-of-time, especially mutual ones. After all, the judge's record will be the only document for determining the truth.

The referee must be decisive in giving a signal to the players when the flag is dropped after the time allotted for the test moves. After all, a delay of some kind of fraction of a second will allow players to make extra moves, which will certainly lead to conflict.

It goes without saying that every judge must have a great knowledge of the rules of the game, the drafts code, the position and the rules of the tournament. In addition, every referee should create an atmosphere for fair and uncompromising struggle by athletes, so that athletes give all their strength, skill and skill to achieve victory.

A large burden fell on the judges after the introduction of the system of individual coefficients for the checkers of our country. What is the IR system, this kind of checker accounting?

In a wide range of sports cultivated in our country, there are such achievements and results in which it is impossible to evaluate absolute values ​​(kilograms, meters, seconds). The places and qualifications of athletes are determined by relative, comparative categories (the number of shots inflicted and missed, the number of batches won and lost, etc.). In accordance with this, a classification system has been built in sports such as tennis, table tennis, badminton, chess and checkers, which is focused on assessing the individual skills of an athlete only depending on the outcome of his struggle with other rivals.

This approach has a significant drawback, since it does not allow an athlete to evaluate the results and skills of an athlete by quantitative indicators related to the level of his individual skill. Therefore, it is very often used such subjective definitions and concepts as a very strong master, a good player, a weak candidate for the master, who did not give an expanded sports characteristics to the athlete.

In addition, plans for training high-class athletes and sports schools and sports schools, circles and sections are given from two to five years so that the candidate master of sports can, having accumulated the necessary sports and creative potential, then overcome the cherished frontier of the master of sports of the USSR. However, more and more cases began to be recorded when, literally within 6–10 months, the new master candidate easily overcame the next barrier.

Another negative trend was growing. It happened that a player who had just been awarded the title of Master of Sports of the USSR literally in the next tournament was dissimilar to himself and easily distributed points to his competitors. Not by chance in 1981-1983 the number of masters of sports in Russian and international drafts increased annually by 50-70 people. There was a clear devaluation of the master's title.

Therefore, an analysis of the use of similar systems for calculating IC in other sports was first carried out. It is known that very often in physical education organizations for calculating the results of complex competitions they use a system in which, for example, 7 points are awarded for 1st place, 5 for 5 places, etc. A counting system is also used, in which a different number Points are awarded for winning the Olympic Games, World and European Championships, responsible all-union competitions. There are other options, but the application of this experience for our case is impossible due to the fact that there is no quantitative comparative characteristic of various tournaments and competitions. Very often, the victories of two candidates for the team in different tournaments cannot be compared, since the skill level of the participants in these tournaments differed, a different number of games were played, etc. A completely different approach was needed to solve this problem.

In the mid-70s, a system of Elo coefficients in chess competitions was successfully tested and introduced in our country.

Efforts were made to introduce a system of individual coefficients (ratings) in tennis, table tennis, and badminton. Although quantitative dependencies and indicators, the principles of counting in these sports had their own specifics, however, one common property appeared characteristic of these competitions. Responsibility of athletes for the results of their performances has increased, information about competitions has improved - it has become regular and operational. Coaching advice received a wealth of practical material, analyzing which could then influence the training of their pupils. The sport classification in these types has become clear and consistent.

During 1977-1983 The USSR Drafts Federation has repeatedly received various proposals for calculating the individual coefficients of the Soviet drafts. The principles of calculation in them were almost identical, the differences consisted in the value of the initial IC, the absolute values ​​of ratings, etc.

However, the desire to get rid of the shortcomings inherent in the counting systems in other sports, could lead to undue delay in solving an important issue.

Moreover, in 1983, the IC system was ready for approval, in which there was no such important principle as the inertia of the system, otherwise speaking about the memory of the progress achieved. For example, the checker player A, who had an IC-2500 before the tournament and played unsuccessfully in the tournament, could receive IC = 2350 after the tournament, and this figure would be taken as the real power of the game at the moment. It is clear that decisive measures were necessary to get out of this situation.

The impetus for the adoption of an optimal IC system was introduced on January 1, 1983, by the Volmak World Federation (FMJD) rating system. The USSR Drafts Federation, as one of the leading and largest drafts players in the international organization, made a significant contribution to supporting this decision. It was necessary to creatively supplement this system in relation to the conditions in our country, leaving the mathematical apparatus the same. The adoption of a unified methodology helped strengthen ties with FMJD, increased the authority of our federation, made it possible to increase the number of all-union competitions included in the FMJD calendar.




And so:


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